Various forms of ice have been found in many locations within the frigid reaches of our galaxy, from interstellar clouds to comets, moons, and planets. But a particularly intriguing and rare type, â€œferroelectricâ€ ice â€“ ice crystallized so perfectly that it can sustain a giant electric field â€“ has never been detected by astronomers.
A recent study, however, has produced evidence that ferroelectric ice, also known as ice XI, likely does exist out there. Performed by a team of scientists from the U.S. and Japan, the study revealed a very narrow range of temperatures in which â€œnormalâ€ ice can transform into ice XI in nature. The research was led by Hiroshi Fukazawa, a scientist at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency.
Normal ice, which forms all natural snow and ice on Earth, is known to scientists as â€œice Ih,â€ where the ‘h’ stands for hexagonal, the shape of the molecular crystal. In ice Ih, the bonds between the hydrogen and oxygen atoms are oriented randomly, resulting in a crystal that looks fairly messy. At very low temperatures, however, the bonds begin to line up and point in the same direction; high pressure enhances this ordering effect. As a result, the tiny electric fields naturally carried by each water molecule add up to produce one large field…
Got an email in to Garth to confirm, but SCI FI Wire says:
HBO is developing a one-hour series based on the popular 1990s Vertigo comic series Preacher, according to The Hollywood Reporter. Mark Steven Johnson, who directed the comic-book adaptations Daredevil and the upcoming Ghost Rider for the big screen, is writing the pilot. Howard Deutch (The Whole Ten Yards) is set to direct. Johnson and Deutch will executive produce along with Michael De Luca, George Agusto, Chris Bender and J.C. Spink. Ennis and Dillon will serve as co-executive producers of the HBO series.
EDIT: I’m not going to reprint what Garth just said.